After emancipation, while some former slaves stayed in the same areas they had always lived in, others moved. Atchison county seems to be one of those places people moved AWAY from, as the number of non-white dropped significantly between 1860 & 1870. 1870 to 1880 was pretty stable, in terms of total numbers, but former EPs were still moving on. Most of the persons of color are were servants or otherwise living alone in a white household, and there were only 2 family groups with children. One downside of the 1880 census is that it does NOT record property value, so we don’t know if they were owners or tenants. Land records are another resource we will examine in the future.
Descriptions of color in this census are generally “W” for white, “B” for black, “M” for mulatto, and “I” for Indian. Persons below are described as Black, unless noted otherwise. When listing the parents birth location, I always list father then mother.
Benton Township, ED 16
Family 93, pg 12, is the Goodlow clan, who appear to be the only remaining family of color in the township. (They actually had a “C” in the race column, which has been heavily corrected to a “B” by someone, possibly the supervisor of this enumerator.) William Goodlow, 25, b. Mississippi, with his parents born North Carolina & Alabama was a farmer; Mary, 29, b. Missouri, her parents born Mexico & Tennessee. Their children, all born Missouri, are claimed as son or daughter, with parents birth location matching above and using the Goodlow last name. The children are: Aaron, 11; H Greeley, 8; Delia, 9; Townley, 7; Syge, 5; Ellie, 2; John & Edward, twins born May 1880. Also in the family is widowed mother-in-law Cynthie Nickolson, 48, b. Tennessee, with her parents born Tennessee & Africa.
Phelps City, ED 15
Cynthia appears here ALSO, using the name Cynthia Hurley, and is a widowed housekeeper for Theodore Miller, a merchant with wife Lottie, and one young son Eddie. Cynthia is still called Black, age 48, b. Tennessee, & parents born Tennessee & Africa. No one else in that entire county claims a parent born in Africa, and it is too much of a stretch to believe these are NOT the same person. As well, there is a 25 yo Mulatto male, name indexed as Tererely Nicholson, b. Missouri, parents born Texas & Tennessee. Nicholson was a laborer, single, and can read and write. (The word “can” is written in, probably to prevent assumptions to the contrary.) While his relationship to Cynthia is not stated, I feel confident it is her son. I believe the name was Townley, as he was listed that way in 1860 and his nephew, Townley was clear and easy to read, while this name is less so.
It is entirely possible that Cynthia normally worked as a housekeeper in Phelps city, but had gone to help care for the new mom and twin babies, as the census was taken in early June 1880, with the twins born in May.
Census officials continue to struggle with the prevention of under-counting, that is completely missing a person or family, and double-counting, which is having a person recorded twice. We were very fortunate that the 1860 enumerator accidentally double-counted some of the slaves, and in the same way, we are glad for the double-counting of the Cynthia, because it provides new research avenues. Hurley is NOT the name of one of her former owners, to the best of my current knowledge.
Julia A Johnson, 40, b. Kentucky was a housekeeper for physician Abraham Fayman & his Canadian born wife Jane. The birth locations of her parents were not listed. Possible mother to Charles, the barber in the village of Watson.
Templeton Township, ED 15
Charles Smith, 24, b. Missouri was a laborer for DH Kimberlin. No information on his parents birth location. Along with Kimberlin’s wife Lottie, & son Edward, the household included Lottie’s teenage sister Sarah File. Neither Kimberlin or File are names previously associated with EPs in Atchison county.
George Washington, 45, b. Tennessee, and parents born Tennessee, was married to Harriet, 26, b. Kentucky, her parents born Kentucky. All of their children are born in Missouri: William, 11; Fulton, 8; Ella, 6; James, 3; Estella, 1. George is listed as a farmer.
Thomas Mauldon, 26, is clearly listed as Black, but is indexed as white. I believe his birth location is written as “Ten”, meaning Tennessee, but it is indexed as Indiana. There is no information about his parent’s birth locations. It also appears he was married, but no wife in the household. He is part of the George Harman household, if the numbering is correct.
Clark Township, ED 14
Shade & Martha Baslee, listed as white, keep a boarding house that caters to Rail Road workers, including several persons of color. Presumably these are NOT related to each other, and quite possibly have no connection to Atchison county, although they might.
Robert Farmer, 25, b. Missouri & Allen Riggs, 23, b. Missouri. A bunch of names on this page seem to not have been indexed, including these.
Clark Township, ED 13
Winnie Ward, 20, b. Missouri, has her parents listed as born Missouri as well. She is a servant in the William Asa Rupe family, and is listed as maimed, crippled, or disabled in some other way. I’m not certain that is correct, as other census records don’t seem to bear that out. She is most likely the person buried as Winnie Rupe in the English Grove cemetery, and the informant was a daughter of William Asa Rupe. Elizabeth Rupe said Winnie was born in Lafayette county, MO, and her father was Thomas Ward. I feel certain she was in the household of Wm. Asa’s father Richard in 1870, but I haven’t proven that she was in that household in 1860. She may have been born after the census, although the death certificate has her birth year as 1858. It appears she remained with one or another Rupe family member her entire life, and may never have married.
Nancy J Curry, 38, b. Virginia was a servant in the Isaac Curry household. She appears to be in the 1860 slave census and 1870 census with this family as well.
Bettie Briggs, 68, b. West Virginia, as were her parents. Based on other census experience, that means the location Bettie came from was once part of Virginia (and she would claim a Virginia heritage if found earlier) but is now part of West Virginia. Bettie is listed in a separate household, all by herself, but right after the Curry family that included the black servant Nancy. As there were only 3 persons of color in this township all together, I strongly suspect the adjacent households are connected. A slave of approximately the proper age is in the Robert Curry household in 1860 and 1850, and am fairly positive they are connected. If so, Robert Curry married in Monroe county, Virginia (now West Virginia.), and was there in 1850. More research is needed to be sure we have the right Isaac Curry, but it appears that Isaac is the child of Robert Curry.
Dale Township, ED 12
John Long, 25, b. Tennessee, as were his parents, was a farm laborer in the George W & Louisa Manchester household. The Manchesters, and most of their children had been born in New York or Vermont, with their youngest son, age 10, born in Iowa, so they probably have no connection to slave holding.
Tarkio Township, ED 10 & 11, including village of Center Point – no persons of color
Clay Township, ED 9 – no persons of color
Clay Township, ED 8
Allis Redman, 17, b. Kentucky of Kentucky-born parents, was servant in the home of EH & Mary R Wells, who were also from Kentucky.
Nishnabotna Township, ED 7 – no persons of color
Village of Watson, Nishnabotna, ED 7
Charles Johnson, 20, b. Missouri, his mother born Kentucky, was a barber, and servant in the household of Jno Noles, who was a hotel keeper. He is of an age that Julia Johnson, the housekeeper in Phelps City could be his mother.
Buchanan Township, ED 6
Milton Fudge, 57, b. Virginia as were his parents, is a widowed farmer living alone. His nearest neighbors are the Drash & Hamilton families, none of whom are from former slave-holding states.
Edwin Scott, 11, b. Missouri, is listed as a mulatto servant in the household of George & Merica Thomson. (Although the indexing has him as white, the “M” is clearly different from the usual “W”.) His parents’ birthplaces are left blank. There is also a divorced 28 year old John Cannan as a servant listed directly above Edwin, but it that was Edwin’s father, you would imagine that “fathers birthplace” wouldn’t be empty. The Thomsons do come from former the slave states of Georgia & Kentucky, although all their children were born in Missouri.
George Scott, 11, b. Missouri, with no parent birth information, is listed as a farm laborer servant in the household of Joseph P & Nancy Brown family. They are from South Carolina & Tennessee, are are fairly old, so are more lokely to have slave-holding connections.
Simpson Finnell, a stock dealer, and his wife Fannie, both from Kentucky, are whites with a large household, including several persons of color as servants. these are Alice Lewis, 14, b. Missouri (no parent information) as the housekeeper; & A Digger Pink, 20, b. California, who was listed as an Indian chambermaid. Her parents birth is written as “On the wing”. Several of the Finnell children are born in California, so it is possible there is a connection there, but she was not with the family in 1870, when they were in Iowa.
Joseph Valondry, 17, b. Iowa (no parent birth information) is an Indian farm laborer serving in the household of Jas Germann, whose wife Alice (nee Biddle) has parents born Tennessee. However, it appears Joseph has not been with this family the entire year, as he was unemployed for 4 months, so I do not suspect any slave-holding connections here.
Rockport, ED 5
John Blair, 23, a mulatto born in Mississippi to parents from South Carolina & New Jersey, was a “race rider” boarding with James B Gray, a veterinarian. Presumably “race rider” means a jockey, and John Blair travelled and followed the horses he was hired to ride for competition.
Polk Township, ED 4- no persons of color
Polk Township, ED 3
Hellen Davis, 15, b. Missouri, to Missouri-born parents, was a servant doing housework in the Killian & Ellen Kennel household. Both Kennels were of German heritage, and northern roots, so probably no slave-holding connection.
Fannie Hunter, 11, b. Missouri to Missouri-born parents, was listed as a servant in the Benjamin F & Sarah E Green household. The Green’s were born in New York, but had lived in Missouri for over 25 years.
Susan Kenney, 27, b. Missouri, to Virginia-born parents, was a servant doing housekeeping for the James & Sarah Vest family. The Vest’s were both born in Virginia, and Sarah is probably a second wife, as Sarah is only 8 yrs older than his oldest child living in the household. This appears to be the same Susan who lived in this household in 1870.